​Judges sit in the Superior Courts. Judges are appointed by the President of Malta acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister.

As from 2016, there is a Judicial Appointments Committee in Malta which receives and examines expression of interest from persons interested to be appointed as Judges or Magistrates and gives advice to the Prime Minister through the Miniter responsible for justice about the eligibility and merit of candidates it would have evaluated and interviewed. 

The Prime Minister is obliged to consult with the Judicial Appointments Committee prior to appointing a Judge or Magistrate.

Should the Prime Minister elect not to comply with the advice given by the Judicial Appointments Committee, the Prime Minister or the Minister responsible for Justice shall:

  1. publish within five days a declaration in the Government Gazette announcing the decision not to follow the advice of the Judicial Appointments Committee and giving reasons for such a decision, and
  2. make a statement in the House of Representatives by not later than the second sitting of the House, explaining the decision taken not to follow the advice of the Judicial Appointments Committee

The Judicial Appointments Committee, as per Article 96A of the Constitution, is composed of the Chief Justice, the Attorney General, the Auditor General, the Commissioner for Administrative Investigations (Ombudsman) and the President of the Chamber of Advocates. 

Judges enjoy security of tenure, which means that a Judge can only be removed from office for proved misbehaviour or proved inability to perform the functions of his office. The removal is effected by the President of Malta upon an address by the House of Representatives supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members thereof and praying for such removal. Before any motion for removal is brought before the House it must be sent to the Commission for the Administration of Justice for investigation. The motion must contain definite charges against the Judge or Magistrate, as the case may be, on the basis of which the investigations are to be held by the Commission, as well as a statement showing the grounds on which any charge is based. If the Commission, after investigating, reports that there is no misbehaviour or no inability to perform the functions of office, then no further action can be taken upon the proposed motion. If, on the other hand, the Commission finds that there is a prima facie case of misbehaviour or incapacity, then it will be up to the House of Representatives to discuss the motion and vote upon it.

A Judge’s salary is a charge on the Consolidated Fund and may not be reduced. 
To be appointed a Judge one must have practised as an advocate in Malta for not less than twelve years, or so practiced and served as a Magistrate for a period amounting in the aggregate to not less than twelve years, or have partly so practised or partly so served. 
The Constitution provides for a mandatory retiring age for Judges (including the Chief Justice) and Magistrates. Currently this age is set at 65 which, by European standards, is regarded as being an early age.
Before commencing to exercise his judicial functions, a Judge must take before the President of Malta the oath of allegiance set out in the Third Schedule to the Constitution, and the oath of office set out in Article 10(1) of the Code of Organisation and Civil Procedure.
Judges in Malta are formally addressed as "The Honourable Mr Justice" (or "The Honourable Madam Justice") followed by the name and surname of the Judge. The title “The Honourable” was accorded to Maltese Judges by King George VI. Government Notice number 40, published in the Malta Government Gazette of the 2 February 1940 reads as follows:
His Excellency the Governor directs it to be notified that he has been informed by the Secretary of State for the Colonies that the Title “The Honourable” has been accorded to each of His Majesty’s Judges in Malta, who will be known during his tenure of office as “The Honourable Mr Justice……”. The use of this title, in accordance with established practice, will be confined to the Maltese Islands. The title “His Honour” will continue to be accorded to the Chief Justice and President of the Court of Appeal. 1st February, 1940.
These titles have been retained even after Malta became independent in 1964 and a republic ten years later.
The current Bench of Judges is made up as follows:
  • His Honour The Chief Justice Mark Chetcuti
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Giannino Caruana Demajo (Senior Administrative Judge and Vice-Chairman, Judicial Studies Committee)
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Joseph R. Micallef
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Tonio Mallia
  • The Hon. Madam Justice Abigail Lofaro ** (President of the Family Section of the Civil Court)  
  • The Hon. Madam Justice Anna Felice ** (President of the General Jurisdiction Section of the Civil Court)
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Joseph Zammit McKeon (President of the Commercial Section of the Civil Court)
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Anthony Ellul
  • The Hon. Madam Justice Jacqueline Padovani Grima
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Robert Mangion
  • The Hon. Madam Justice Lorraine Schembri Orland (Judge elect in respect of Malta to the European Court of Human Rights)
  • The Hon. Madam Justice Edwina Grima
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Lawrence Mintoff
  • The Hon. Madam Justice Miriam Hayman
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Giovanni Grixti
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Toni Abela
  • The Hon. Madam Justice Consuelo Scerri Herrera
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Anthony Vella
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Grazio Mercieca
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Francesco Depasquale
  • The Hon. Mr Justice Aaron Bugeja
  • The Hon. Madam Justice Joanne Vella Cuschieri
(** on the List of ad hoc judges on the European Court of Human Rights in respect of Malta -- Rule 29 of the Rules of Court of the European Court of Human Rights)
(Click on the names highlighted in bold to view curriculum vitae)